Rio’s City Hall’s Request for Proposals for construction of Rio 2016’s Olympic Games Handball Arena requires the implementation of ‘nomadic architecture’ to avoid a permanent construction that could remain unused after the Games. After the sports mega-event, the venue will be disassembled and its components will be reinstalled, resulting in four schools, each with a 500-student capacity.
Although many components from the London Olympic overlay venues have found other uses, the whole use of an overlay venue towards planned future buildings is thought to be unique. The winning bidder will be responsible for the construction, operation and dismantling of the Olympic venue and assembling of the schools in 2017.
The Handball Arena will be built in an area of about 35,000 square meters at the Olympic Park, in Barra da Tijuca. With capacity for 12,000 spectators, the Arena will host the Olympic handball competitions and the Paralympic goalball competitions. The works are scheduled to start in the first half of 2014, and should be completed in the second half of 2015.
Construction works should amount to R$ 121.1 million. The operation would require additional investments of R$ 6 million; R$ 19.7 million in the disassembling, and R$ 31.2 million in the assembling of the new schools. Accordingly, the Federal Government will transfer to the Municipal Government around R$ 178 million, according to the technical cooperation agreement signed between the Ministry of Sport and the City Hall in May 2012. The funds from PAC (Growth Acceleration Programme) will be passed along by the Federal Savings Bank (Caixa Econômica Federal).
In the Candidacy File of 2009, the Handball Arena was to be a permanent venue – the fourth Hall of the Olympic Training Centre (OTC) – whose construction was forecast at approximately R$ 160.6 million (value corrected according to the INCC-DI Index for the period between January 2009 and October 2013). However, the City Hall and the Federal Government assessed that three halls already comply with the OTC demand, and chose to build a temporary arena, eliminating the high cost of maintaining permanent equipment in the future. In order to reinforce the principle that the Olympic Games must serve the city and extend the benefits generated by the investment in the overlay, the City Hall developed the nomadic architecture concept.
In order to transform an Olympic venue into four new schools, the construction was fully planned to facilitate the reuse of its structure and components. Selected through a public bid, the Rio 2016 Project Consortium (Consórcio Rio Projetos 2016) composed of Lopes Santos & Ferreira Gomes Arquitetos, MBM Serviços de Engenharia and DW Engenharia, developed the Handball Arena and schools basic and executive projects.
The location of the schools was defined in partnership with the Municipal Education Secretariat. Three schools will benefit students in the Barra region. The first will be located near the Olympic Park; the second in a land lot at Avenida Salvador Allende; and the third, near the Parque Carioca, where residents of the Vila Autódromo community will be partially rellocated. The fourth school will be installed in a land lot in São Cristóvão.