Wrigley Field baseball park has been designated a National Historic Landmark by U.S. Secretary of the Interior David L. Bernhardt.
The move recognises the 106-year-old stadium as having played a significant role in both the history of the city of Chicago and the American professional sports landscape.
National Historic Landmarks are defined as “buildings, districts, structures and objects that have been determined by the Secretary of the Interior to be nationally significant in American history and culture.”
There are approximately 2,600 NHLs in the United States, with Fenway Park in Boston serving as the only other current MLB ballpark on the list.
Chicago Cubs executive chairman Tom Ricketts said:
Wrigley Field is a special place in the hearts of generations of fans. That’s why, from our first day as owners, we committed to preserving Wrigley, which will now take its well-earned place in the line-up of American history and culture as a national treasure.
Wrigley Field became eligible for landmark status in 1987 and the Ricketts family — which assumed ownership of the team in October of 2009 — applied in ’13. In ’14, the Cubs initiated the massive 1060 Project, which aimed to renovate and update the ballpark and surrounding structures.
Wrigley Field was originally constructed in 1914 and known as Weeghman Park at the time, when it was home to Chicago’s Federal League team. The National League’s Cubs, which have a history that dates back to 1876, moved into the park in 1916. It was renamed Wrigley Field in 1926. Bernhardt said:
The historical significance of Wrigley Field is interwoven into our nation’s story and it is a key part of what has become America’s beloved pastime for over a century. It is with great enthusiasm that I designate this iconic national treasure, the site of many legendary events, innovations and traditions in baseball history, as a National Historic Landmark.
Built in 1914, Wrigley Field has been the home of the Chicago Cubs since 1916, a National League charter franchise dating to 1876.
Two years younger than Fenway Park in Boston, Wrigley Field is the second oldest ballpark in Major League Baseball and the oldest in the National League.
Wrigley Field is the only remaining ballpark connected to the Federal Baseball League, the short-lived rival to the National and American Leagues.
It also hosted the first tryouts and organization of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. And it was home to the Chicago Bears from 1921 to 1970, one of the original franchises in the National Football League.
Several innovations in baseball history have their origins in the ballpark. In 1916, the original owner Charles Weeghman started the custom of permitting fans to keep balls hit into the stands as mementos.
Wrigley Field was the first ballpark to have refreshment booths behind the stands, and the first to use an organ on-site to entertain fans during games. The Chicago Cubs were among the first to embrace broadcasting home games on radio in 1925 and on television in 1946. These broadcasts drew fans from across the globe and contributed to the popularity of the Chicago Cubs and American baseball.
Many legendary events have taken place in the ballpark, including baseball’s only “Double No-Hitter” in 1917, Babe Ruth’s supposed “Called Shot” during the 1932 World Series and Gabby Hartnett’s “Homer in the Gloamin’” that helped propel the Chicago Cubs to the 1938 National League pennant.
It was also the location in 1933 of the first National Football League championship, the forerunner to today’s Super Bowl.
Wrigley Field’s ivy-covered, brick outfield wall and well-known bleachers behind it were constructed during renovations in 1937. The 27-foot-high outfield scoreboard was also added at that time. Other improvements include seating renovations, the addition of an upper deck, and the addition of lights for night games in 1988.
Renovations during the multi-year restoration and expansion project initiated in 2014 further enhanced the iconic features of Wrigley Field.
Image courtesy of MLB